Terminology of the Naqshbandiyah upon which this Order is Based

The famous Persian poet Maulana Abd-ar Rahman Jami (Rahimahullāh) states:

 "The Naqshbandis are the chiefs of the caravan,
 who'll take the caravan from the hidden path to the Al Haram (Kaba).

There are 11 terms. The first eight are quoted from Khwājah ʿAbdul Khāliq Ra, and the next three are quoted from Khwājah Bahāʾud Dīn Naqshband Ra. They are as follows
1. Hosh dar Dam – Alert every breath. The sālik should be aware that every breath can be spent being alert or heedless.
2. Nazhar bar Qadam – Gaze on the foot. When walking, the sālik should not extend his gaze beyond where he steps. When he is in company, he should face the company and not turn left and right, lest it results in terrible corruption and loss of the goal.
3. Safar dar Waṭn – Journey to the homeland. The sālik moves from his human undesirable traits towards angelic traits.
4. Khalwat dar ʾAnjuman – Isolation in public. Whatever condition the sālik might be in, whether he is alone or in public, eating, walking, talking etc. his heart is in reality alone and engaged with Allāh.
5. Yād kard – To remember. This refers to the remembrance of Allāh Most High. Engage in it every moment.
6. Bāz Gasht – To return. Recite the following Duʿāʾ a few times with utter humility during your Ẓikr, “O Allāh! You and Your pleasure are my aims. Grant me Your love and recognition.”
7. Nigāhadasht – Maintenance. Keep all dangers and whispers of the self far from the heart.
8. Yād dāsht – Notation. The sālik should remember the Being of Allāh without any interrupting words and thoughts.
9. Wuqūf Zamanī wa Hosh dar Dam – Time Awareness and alert to every breath. Both amount to the same thing.
10. Wuqūf ʿAdadī – Number Awareness. Observe odd numbers when releasing the breath.
11. Wuqūf Qalbī – Heart Awareness. The sālik should be aware from his heart which is located below the left breast.


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